Biodiversity & Ecology
Short Database Report Open Access
Database Temperate Deciduous Forests of the Elbe-Weser Region
Keywords: abundance; Chrysosplenio oppositifolii-Alnetum glutinosae; Crepido-Fraxinetum; Melico-Fagetum; pH; plant available cation; soil profile; Stellario-Carpinetum stachyetosum.
Abstract: For her own PhD, Monika Wulf investigated 415 plots (vegetation relevés) in 77 mixed broadleaf forests from 1986 to 1989. The 415 plots (100-400 m²) represent alder forests on wet soils, ash dominated stands on wet, moist and moderately moist sites, oak-hornbeam forests on fresh soils, and beech dominated forests on moderately fresh soils. In each plot the abundance of all vascular plants per stratum (first and second tree layer, shrub and herb layer) was estimated using the scale of Barkman. Bryophytes were noted as presence/absence data. The latitude and the longitude of maps at scale 1:25,000 (exact coordinates with an average deviance of 10-20 m) were determined for each plot. Additionally, locations of the plots were drawn on maps at scale 1:10,000 and sketches with positions of the main tree and shrub species within the plot and at the plot boundaries were drawn. In a selected number of 127 plots from 30 forests soil samples were taken at three different horizons (0-5 cm, 5-10 cm, and 10-20 cm). At each plot 10 sub-samples were taken with a soil auger of 5 cm diameter, and were mixed separately for the three horizons to one sample. The soil samples were used to estimate the pH using a CaCl2-standard solution, and to determine the amount of the plant available cations Ca, K, Mg and P using an ammonium-acetate-solution. Determination of the cation concentrations were made with a spectral photometer and an atom-absorptions-spectrometer (AAS), respectively. In 2007 and 2008 nearly all plots (380 of 415) have been exactly relocated and their positions were fixed by means of GPS. They can, together with the manual sketches, be easily relocated in the future. The purpose for relocation was to detect changes in the herb layer after 20 years. To test hypothesis of biotic homogenization at the regional level a subset of 175 independent plots were investigated by Tobias Naaf in 2008 and 2009 to carry out his PhD. These studies were founded by the German Research Foundation (DFG). This report describes the available content in the Database Temperate Deciduous Forests of the Elbe-Weser Region (GIVD ID EU-DE-005).
Wulf, M. (2012): Database Temperate Deciduous Forests of the Elbe-Weser Region. – In: Dengler, J., Oldeland, J., Jansen, F., Chytrý, M., Ewald, J., Finckh, M., Glöckler, F., Lopez-Gonzalez, G., Peet, R.K., Schaminée, J.H.J. [Eds.]: Vegetation databases for the 21st century. – Biodiversity & Ecology 4: 348–348. DOI: 10.7809/b-e.00139.