Department of Biology
Institute of Plant Science and Microbiology
    Division BEE  >  Biodiversity & Ecology  >  Vol.4 >  Article 99

Biodiversity & Ecology

Short Database Report    Open Access 

Database Temperate Deciduous and Coniferous Forests of the Solling Hills

Wolfgang Schmidt, Michaela Dölle* & Andreas Parth

Article first published online: 24 September 2012

DOI: 10.7809/b-e.00149

*Corresponding author contact: mdoelle@gwdg.de

Biodiversity & Ecology  (Biodivers. Ecol.)

Special Volume: Vegetation databases for the 21st century,
edited by Jürgen Dengler, Jens Oldeland, Florian Jansen, Milan Chytrý, Jörg Ewald, Manfred Finckh, Falko Glöckler, Gabriela Lopez-Gonzalez, Robert K. Peet & Joop H.J. Schaminée
Volume 4, pages 358–358, Sep 12
  PDF  (205 kB)

Keywords: Fagus sylvatica; Germany; Picea abies.


Abstract: The Database Temperate Deciduous and Coniferous Forests of the Solling Hills (GIVD ID EU-DE-017) offers forest vegetation relevés obtained from different research projects during four decades in the Solling Hills (Lower Saxony, Germany). It contains relevés mainly of pure beech stands (Fagus sylvatica, Luzulo-Fagetum) representing the potential natural vegetation on acidic soils of the Solling Hills. Many parts of the Solling Hills have been converted into spruce monoculture stands (Picea abies, which is not native to the region) during the last few centuries. Meanwhile a conversion of pure spruce stands into mixed stands dominated by beech is one of the main goals of silviculture in Germany. The relevés from pure beech and spruce stands as well as mixed beech-spruce stands offer good opportunities e.g. to compare composition and diversity of ground layer vegetation in relation to tree species composition or to evaluate the influence of different forest management activities to species diversity. Furthermore repeated relevés on permanent plots enable an evaluation of the data regarding the impact of eutrophication (including liming) and climate change on forest ecosystems.

Suggested citation:
Schmidt, W., Dölle, M., Parth, A. (2012): Database Temperate Deciduous and Coniferous Forests of the Solling Hills. – In: Dengler, J., Oldeland, J., Jansen, F., Chytrý, M., Ewald, J., Finckh, M., Glöckler, F., Lopez-Gonzalez, G., Peet, R.K., Schaminée, J.H.J. [Eds.]: Vegetation databases for the 21st century. – Biodiversity & Ecology 4: 358–358. DOI: 10.7809/b-e.00149.